States and regions

We bring together state and regional governments from around the world, with our members benefitting from global profiling, knowledge sharing, international networking and more. 

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Signatories and endorsers

Under2 Coalition members are classified as signatories or endorsers.

Our signatories are state, regional and provincial governments (shaded blue) as well as city and local governments (circled white) that have signed the Under2 Memorandum of Understanding

Our endorsers (shaded green) are national and state-level governments that wish to support the goals of the Under2 Coalition. 

2021 Memorandum of Understanding signatories

Key: (*) denotes the government is one of the 12 founding signatories

The 2021 Global Climate Leadership MOU aligns with the most recent science, as given in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Special Report: Global Warming of 1.5oC. It commits signatories to “pursuing an emissions reductions trajectory consistent with achieving net zero emissions by 2050 as a Coalition, and individual net zero emissions as soon as possible, in line with the most recent science”.

Africa

NIGERIA

  • Cross River State 

SOUTH AFRICA

  • Gauteng 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
  • Western Cape

THE GAMBIA

  • Northbank Region  

Asia-Pacific

AUSTRALIA

  • New South Wales
  • South Australia 
  • Queensland 
  • Victoria 

INDIA

  • Punjab 

INDONESIA

  • East Kalimantan 
  • West Kalimantan 

SOUTH KOREA

  • Chungnam 

Europe

AUSTRIA

  • Lower Austria 

FRANCE

  • Brittany 

GERMANY

  • Baden-Württemberg (*) 
  • Bavaria 
  • Hessen
  • Lower Saxony 
  • Schleswig-Holstein 
  • Thuringia 

ITALY

  • Emilia-Romagna 
  • Lombardy 

PORTUGAL

  • Azores 
  • Madeira 

SPAIN

  • Andalucia 
  • Basque Country 
  • Catalonia (*) 
  • Galicia 
  • Navarra 

SWEDEN

  • Västra Götaland 

UNITED KINGDOM

  • Isle of Man 
  • Northern Ireland 
  • Scotland 
  • Wales (*)

Latin America

ARGENTINA

  • San Salvador de Jujuy 

BRAZIL

  • Acre (*) 
  • Amapá 
  • Amazonas 
  • Ceará 
  • Espírito Santo 
  • Mato Grosso 
  • Mato Grosso do Sul 
  • Minas Gerais 
  • Pará 
  • Paraná 
  • Pernambuco 
  • Rio de Janeiro 
  • Rio Grande do Sul 
  • Rondônia 
  • São Paulo City

COLOMBIA

  • Antioquia 
  • Boyacá 
  • Caquéta 
  • Cundinamarca 

ECUADOR

  • Pastaza 

MEXICO

  • Baja California Sur 
  • Chiapas 
  • Chihuahua
  • Guanajuato
  • Jalisco (*) 
  • Querétaro 
  • Quintana Roo 
  • Sonora 
  • Tabasco 
  • Yucatán 

North America

CANADA

  • British Columbia (*)
  • Québec 

UNITED STATES 

  • California (*) 
  • Maine 
  • Massachusetts 
  • New York State 
  • Oregon (*) 
  • Rhode Island 
  • Washington (*) 
Wind turbines on a hill with winding road and sun setting in the backdrop

Under2 Ambition Tracker

In line with their 2021 Under2 Memorandum of Understanding commitments, members report long-term emissions reduction targets and future plans to the Under2 Ambition Tracker.

The Tracker is reviewed periodically, so we encourage governments to review their data on a regular basis to ensure it is up to date. This information will then be used for analysis, typically running from April – May every year.

Net zero targets are a vital part of efforts to keep global temperature rises to 1.5 degrees. However, these targets alone are not enough. It is vital that they are accompanied by thorough planning and short-term targets to ensure both progress and government transparency.

2015 Memorandum of Understanding signatories

Key: (*) denotes the government is one of the 12 founding signatories

The 2015 Global Climate Leadership MOU set a standard for leadership that was sufficient for the Paris Agreement in 2015 i.e. 80-90% emissions reduction below 1990 levels by 2050 or below 2 tons per capita emissions by 2050, as per the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change - Fifth assessment report (AR5). 

Africa

KENYA

  • Laikipia County 

IVORY COAST

  • Assemblée des Régions de Côte d’Ivoire (ARDCI) (represents 33 subnational governments)

MOZAMBIQUE

  • Nampula City 
  • Quelimane City 

SENEGAL

  • Guédiawaye City 

Asia-Pacific

ARMENIA

  • Ararat 
  • Kotayk 
  • Shirak 

AUSTRALIA

  • Australian Capital Territory (ACT) 
  • Northern Territory 

CHINA

  • Jiangsu Province (+) 
  • Sichuan Province (+) 

INDIA

  • Chhattisgarh 
  • Jammu and Kashmir 
  • Maharashtra
  • Telangana 
  • West Bengal 

INDONESIA

  • South Sumatra 
  • North Kalimantan 
  • Papua 

JAPAN

  • Gifu 

NEPAL

  • Kathmandu Valley 

Europe

AUSTRIA

  • Upper Austria 

BELGIUM

  • Wallonia 

FRANCE

  • Alsace 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (previously Rhône-Alpes)
  • Bas-Rhin 
  • La Réunion 
  • Midi-Pyrénées 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine (previously Aquitaine)
  • Occitanie 
  • Pays de la Loire 

GERMANY

  • North Rhine-Westphalia 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate  

GREECE

  • Attica 

HUNGARY

  • Budapest City 

ITALY

  • Abruzzo 
  • Basilicata
  • Piedmont 
  • Sardinia
  • Veneto 

THE NETHERLANDS

  • Drenthe 
  • North Brabant 
  • North Holland 
  • South Holland 

NORWAY

  • Viken (previously Akershus County)

SPAIN

  • Comunidad de Madrid 

SWEDEN

  • Jämtland Härjedalen 

SWITZERLAND

  • Basel-Landschaft 
  • Basel-Stadt 

UNITED KINGDOM

  • Bristol City 
  • Greater Manchester City 

Latin America

ARGENTINA

  • Santa Fe 
  • Tucumán 

BRAZIL

  • São Paulo State 
  • Tocantins 

CHILE

  • Santiago City 

COLOMBIA

  • Guainía 
  • Guaviare 
  • Nariño

ECUADOR

  • Azuay 

MEXICO

  • Aguascalientes 
  • Baja California (*) 
  • Campeche 
  • Colima 
  • Hidalgo 
  • Mexico City 
  • Mexico State 
  • Michoacán 
  • Nuevo León 
  • Oaxaca

PERU

  • Amazonas 
  • Huánuco 
  • Loreto 
  • Madre de Dios 
  • Piura 
  • San Martín 
  • Ucayali 

North America

CANADA

  • Northwest Territories 
  • Ontario (*) 
  • Vancouver City 

UNITED STATES 

  • Atlanta City, GA 
  • Austin City, TX 
  • Boulder, CO 
  • Broward County, FL 
  • Connecticut
  • Hawaii 
  • Los Angeles City, CA 
  • Minnesota 
  • Montgomery County, MD 
  • Nevada 
  • New Hampshire 
  • New York City, NY 
  • Oakland City, CA 
  • Orlando City, FL 
  • Pittsburgh City, PA
  • Portland City, OR 
  • Sacramento City, CA 
  • San Francisco City, CA 
  • Seattle City, WA 
  • Vermont (*) 
  • Virginia 

National and state endorsements

National endorsements

  • Armenia (+) 
  • Canada (+) 
  • Chile (+) 
  • Costa Rica (+) 
  • Czech Republic (+) 
  • Denmark (+) 
  • Fiji (+) 
  • France (+) 
  • Germany (+) 
  • Italy (+) 
  • Japan (+) 
  • Luxembourg (+) 
  • Marshall Islands (+) 
  • Mexico (+) 
  • The Netherlands (+) 
  • Norway (+) 
  • Panama (+) 
  • Peru (+)
  • Portugal (+) 
  • Spain 
  • Sweden (+) 
  • United Kingdom (+) 

State endorsements

  • Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) (+) 
  • Association of Cities of County Rank (Hungary) (+) (represents 23 subnational governments)

To join the Under2 Coalition, contact

Nehmat Kaur, Head of Global Government Relations, Climate Group